Sri Lanka has two monsoons that coming from the north east and the south west bring rain to all parts of the country. The temperature ranges between 20 to 30 centigrade. In the central hills the climate is cooler. This wonderful island is the combination of the beautiful Asian Elephants, feisty and elusive leopard, hairy sloth bear, the genteel deer, flamboyant birds and more exquisite creatures. Despite its small landmass, Sri Lanka boasts one of the highest rates of biological endemism in the world whether in plants or animals and is included among the top five biodiversity hotspots in the world.