Sri Lanka possesses a high degree of biodiversity. Indeed, the island (together with the Western Ghats of India) has been identified by Conservation International as one of 34 world biodiversity hot spots. In addition, The Sinharaja Forest Reserve, the country’s last viable area of primary tropical rainforest has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. What’s remarkable is the high proportion of endemic species.

Yala National Park


Yala National Park is a natural wonder located in southeast Sri Lanka and covers an area of about 979 square kilometers. The park, which is about 300 kilometers from Colombo, offers an amazing tour across a variety of landscapes, including parched plains, lush forests, and coastal lagoons. Yala is a popular destination for wildlife photographers and leopard fans due to its population of the animals.

Elephants, sloth bears, spotted deer, and several bird species are among the park’s diverse wildlife. Yala National Park is a must-visit location for people who love the outdoors and want an outstanding safari experience because of its distinctive combination of habitats and compelling wildlife interactions.

Bundala National Park

Around 250 kilometers from Colombo, Sri Lanka’s capital, is Bundala National Park, a mesmerizing wildlife destination with an area of over 6,216 hectares. Bundala is renowned for having a thriving bird population and a variety of environments, including marshes and lagoons.

It is a refuge for birdwatchers and other wildlife lovers. Visitors can view both resident and migratory bird species thanks to the park’s special location along the southern shore. Bundala is a great location for a wonderful wildlife encounter that is close to Colombo, in addition to being home to a variety of mammals and reptiles.

bundala national park

Udawalawa National Park

udawalawa national park

A stunning wildlife refuge with a land area of over 30,821 hectares, Udawalawe National Park is just 180 kilometers from Colombo, the vibrant capital of Sri Lanka. The park, which is well-known for having a large elephant population, is a rare chance to see these beautiful animals in their natural setting.

Udawalawe offers a realistic safari experience with its vast grasslands, picturesque reservoir, and diverse range of animals, including sambar deer, water buffaloes, and other bird species. Due to its close proximity to Colombo, the park is a popular location for tourists looking to experience Sri Lanka’s diverse wildlife and learn more about the country’s rich biodiversity.

Sinharaja Rain Forest

Sinharaja Rainforest, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is a biodiverse haven nestled in Sri Lanka’s southwest. Spanning approximately 8,864 hectares, it’s renowned for its rich flora and fauna. About 120 kilometers from Colombo, Sinharaja offers a mesmerizing tropical rainforest experience.

Unique bird species, like the Sri Lankan blue magpie, call it home, alongside rare amphibians and mammals. Guided treks unveil its hidden wonders, including ancient trees and vibrant wildlife, making Sinharaja a must-visit for nature enthusiasts seeking a pristine rainforest encounter within accessible reach from the capital.

sinharaja rainforest

Horton Plains National Park

horton plains national park

Horton Plains, located in Sri Lanka’s central highlands, is a biodiverse sanctuary that harbors a unique array of wildlife. Spanning approximately 3,160 hectares, this protected area is home to a variety of endemic and rare species. From elusive mammals like the Sri Lankan sambar deer to vibrant birdlife including the Sri Lanka whistling thrush, Horton Plains offers a glimpse into the island’s diverse ecosystem.

The rolling grasslands, mist-covered valleys, and unique flora provide a serene backdrop for encounters with nature’s wonders. For those seeking a tranquil escape amidst breathtaking scenery and captivating wildlife, Horton Plains promises an unforgettable experience.

Wilpattu National Park

Wilpattu National Park, spanning over 131,693 hectares in Sri Lanka’s northwest, is a wildlife haven that showcases the island’s natural diversity. Home to various species including elephants, leopards, and sloth bears, Wilpattu offers an authentic safari experience. The park’s unique feature is its “Willus” or natural lakes, which provide vital water sources for its inhabitants.

These serene lakeside settings also offer excellent opportunities for wildlife sightings. With its untamed landscapes and rich biodiversity, Wilpattu is a must-visit for those seeking to connect with Sri Lanka’s wildlife in a pristine and picturesque environment.

wilpattu national park