The most important Industries in Sri Lanka
The main industries in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka is a rich country with high value in natural resources. Geographical location, favorable climate and weather, and natural beauty such as the surrounding ocean have always been an asset to his beautiful country. Blessed with these resources and talented people, Sri Lankan has become an important trading center. Apart from that, it has been home to many industries since ancient times, and nowadays the tourism industry has overtaken other industries. Although times have changed, Sri Lanka still has the capacity to engage in various industries in various sectors. Meanwhile, many industries in Sri Lanka such as tourism, agriculture, fisheries, and ceramics have taken full advantage of the resource bestowed by nature.
Tourism in Sri Lanka is growing rapidly due to its high level of biodiversity and wildlife resources. Despite its small size, Sri Lanka has a high level of biodiversity and is rated among the 34 biodiversity hotspots in the world. However, the development of mass tourism has already affected several natural reserves and some endangered animal species, such as Keerthisinghe’s Rock Frog. Tourist attractions are classifiable as natural or anthropogenic. Natural attractions include nature spots, flora and fauna, and places with a pleasant climate. Geotourism sites may also be included in this category. Anthropogenic attractions include archaeological and cultural attractions, historical and religious sites, performing arts and folklore, handicrafts, and artifacts
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The major areas of investment in the tourism industry in Sri Lanka
- Leisure and recreational activities
- Camping, whale watching, trekking (adventure activities)
- Water sports and activities
- Shopping complexes
Measures taken for the development of the tourism industry
- Introducing a tour of new transportation services
- Improving the domestic tourism industry
- Developing infrastructure
- Taking measures to improve the global image of Sri Lanka
- Increase connectivity between tourist destination
Agriculture has been one of the main industries in Sri Lanka since ancient times. This is because Sri Lanka has always been a fertile tropical land capable of growing and processing a variety of crops. The people of Sri Lanka, past and present, grew their own food. The staple food crop of Sri Lanka is rice. Therefore, the primary form of agriculture in Sri Lanka is paddy cultivation or rice production. The three main agricultural crops in Sri Lanka are tea, coconut and rubber.
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Tea cultivation is an industry that has been gradually expanding since the past when compared to other crops. Since the introduction of tea planting in Sri Lanka in 1867, Ceylon tea has been the top agricultural export of the nation. Additionally, the nation produces tea all throughout the year, with an annual production of about 340 million kg. the primary tea-growing regions are Nuwara Eliya, uva province, Kandy, Sabaragauwa, and southern province, which are located in the island’s central highlands. Most of the most expensive teas in the world come from Sri Lanka.
The history of Sri Lankan gems dates back 3,000 years, and for more than 200 years, the gem and jewelry business has played a significant role in the nation’s economy. The mining, manufacturing, and trade industries account for the lion’s share of economic activity in this sector. The selling of jewelry to domestic customers is referred to as the domestic jewelry market, which is the second-largest market category. One of the most significant sectors in the nation, both in terms of generating foreign money and jobs, has been and will be the gem and jewelry sector.
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